Should the Book of Enoch Be Included in the Bible?

This topic is worthy of an entire book, so please be patient as this page grows in time.

The Book of Enoch (BOE) is considered by some scholars to be pseudipigraphical, which means that it is falsely attributed to a famous author so as to gain unwarranted acceptance amongst an audience that doesn’t know better, or that doesn’t care about authenticity.  You can read Wikipedia’s general article about BOE here:

An exiting rumor exists that there is an Aramaic version (unpublished) that would predate Christianity, thus solving the question of whether Christians (or anybody else) falsified BOE.  You can read about that here:


Does BOE agree with the Bible?  And was it quoted or alluded to by Bible speakers and authors?  Let’s look.

For starters, we have the question of whether Jesus and his apostles considered the Book of Enoch to be inspired scripture.  Here’s a short list of allusions to Enoch, made by Jesus.

List found at:

Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. (Mat 5:5)
The elect shall possess light, joy and peace, and they shall inherit the earth. (Enoch 5:7 {6:9})

the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the son (John 5:22)
the principal part of the judgment was assigned to him, the Son of man. (Enoch 69:27 {68:39})

shall inherit everlasting life (Mat. 19:29)
those who will inherit eternal life (Enoch 40:9 {40:9})

“Wo unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation. (Luke 6:24)
Woe to you who are rich, for in your riches have you trusted; but from your riches you shall be removed. (Enoch 94:8 {93:7}).

Ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Mat. 19:28)

I will place each of them on a throne of glory (Enoch 108:12 {105:26})

Woe unto that man through whom the Son of man is betrayed! It had been good for that man if he had not been born. (Mat. 26:24)

Where will the habitation of sinners be . . . who have rejected the Lord of spirits. It would have been better for them, had they never been born. (Enoch 38:2 {38:2})

between us and you there is a great gulf fixed. (Luke 16:26)
by a chasm . . . [are] their souls are separated (Enoch 22: 9,11{22:10,12})

In my Father’s house are many mansions (John 14:2)
In that day shall the Elect One sit upon a throne of glory, and shall choose their conditions and countless habitations. (Enoch 45:3 {45:3})

that ye may be called the children of light (John 12:36)

the good from the generation of light (Enoch 108:11 {105: 25})

the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life. (John 4:14)

all the thirsty drank, and were filled with wisdom, having their habitation with the righteous, the elect, and the holy. (Enoch 48:1 {48:1})

And here is a direct quotation from the Book of Enoch found in the Bible:

Jude 1:14  Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, 15 to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.”

Enoch 1:9 

And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones
To execute judgment upon all,
And to destroy
all the ungodly:

And to convict all flesh
Of all the works
of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed,
And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners
have spoken against Him.

For another list comparing passages of the Book of Enoch to passages in the Bible, see here:

This is just the beginning of a proper investigation.  There is much more to be made of this, including an examination of the Book itself.  One reason that the BOE might be less than enthusiastically embraced by Christians is that it contains material not found in the Bible—or at best, merely hinted at in the Bible.  This includes, but is not limited to, an explicit narrative regarding evil angels intermarrying with human women and having offspring by them.  It also includes a “cosmology” of angels, showing something of their assignments and routines by way of a metaphor of them as “stars”.

Under the popular theory that “The Bible” is all the scripture that there is, it is easy for “theory-induced blindness” to make the consideration of other possibilities difficult.  And when the question of other scripture is off the table, the WYSIATI effect (What you see is all there is) can easily rule any conclusions drawn on the matter.

From Wikipedia’s article on Thinking, Fast and Slow, by Daniel Kahneman (see it at

To explain overconfidence, Kahneman introduces the concept he labels What You See Is All There Is (WYSIATI). This theory states that when the mind makes decisions, it deals primarily with Known Knowns, phenomena it has already observed. It rarely considers Known Unknowns, phenomena that it knows to be relevant but about which it has no information. Finally it appears oblivious to the possibility of Unknown Unknowns, unknown phenomena of unknown relevance.

My personal opinion is that it is very likely that the Book of Enoch, difficult as it is, is probably just as inspired as any book of the Bible, and that Jesus and the apostles believed so as well.  I cannot prove this, of course, just as no one else seems to be able to prove the contrary.

I do not mean to suggest by the brevity of this article in its present form that this is all there is to the subject.  Indeed, a proper investigation calls for the exhaustive study of the Book of Enoch, as well as a diligent, verse by verse comparison of its contents to the contents of the Bible.  Anyone not interested in such a study is probably not interested in knowing the actual truth of the matter and is engaging in “substitution”, whereby the answer to an easier question is substituted for the answer to a more difficult question.  For example, when many people say that “The Book of Enoch is not legitimate scripture”, they may well be in no position to know that, but are instead answering the question, “Do I like the Book of Enoch?” or “Do I find the Book of Enoch easy to explain?”

Please check back from time to time to see if I have been able to add more work to this topic.

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